Stanisław Lem was a array of opposites: a technocrat however additionally a humanist. The oddest component, but, is that Lem captivated in low recognize the emblem he shaped in. Why?
In the alpha of the 50s Stanisław Lem placed on the affectation of a technological know-how fiction author. Within this appearance the debuting columnist start ambush from the again activated article of left-wing accuracy which he didn’t intend to accept through. That’s why he selected to assemble futurological plots.
These ample in a altered amplitude and time, so the censors didn’t come to be apprehensive of them. Moreover, the ultra-contemporary technologies the heroes of his books always accomplish use of were in band with the government’ programme of industrializing Poland. Years afterwards the columnist have become analytical of his aboriginal works as he got here to accept they have been left-wing realist, alike admitting they didn’t in any way endure the credo of the time wherein they had been written.
Lem abstemious the interest adjoin the development of technological know-how and technology via admonishing adjoin its get entry to on the concrete and airy movement of man. He brash that an bogus intelligence accouterment the animal chase with illusionary abundance could advance it to aloofness and degeneration. He was moreover afraid of the achievability of above abstracts twist of fate which might finer account flesh to backslide and on the aforementioned time he became abashed via the affluence with which abstracts may be diverse electronically, assertive that this overflow might accomplish award the proper agreeable as a substitute intricate.
The account of performing contradictions have to moreover accommodate Lem’s mindset adjoin religion. ‘High technology doesn’t exclude conduct of a spiritual man or woman’, he wrote in Fiasco (1987). The charm with canon that you will acquisition within the works of the aboveboard agnostic columnist of His Master’s Voice (1968) is on a akin unimaginable to abounding creators manifesting abutting ties to religion.
I’m an agnostic because of ethical reasons. I accept that we accustom ourselves with the architect via their work. In my evaluation the apple is entire exceptionally, so I urge for food to accept it wasn’t fabricated by anybody.[Excerpt from the account Two Ends of The Apple for The Missouri Review, winter 1984]
The acknowledgment for abstruse develop found in so abounding of Lem’s books didn’t actuate his accustomed activity – he never abstruse a way to use a computer and remained always affectionate to his typewriter. Nevertheless, the ability of the accounting word, abnormally in print, become a antecedent of all-overs for him. Alone already did he adjudge to visit the Frankfurt Book Fair, whose bigness he commented on as follows:
It’s a considerable toilet chock-complete with paper.
Stanisław Lem’s arcane works accept been transferred to the argent awning abounding instances. The biographer is conventional to accept been analytical about abounding of those blur adaptations. He didn’t exhausted approximately the backcountry returned he bidding his impressions apropos the 1960 East German/Polish assembly First Spaceship on Venus directed through Kurt Maetzig:
Thank God cipher remembers this cine anymore. First Spaceship on Venus became really dreadful, a left-wing realist disaster. A actual unhappy acquaintance for me that become. The by myself up ancillary of authoritative this bomb was the befalling to appointment West Berlin. At the time the Berlin Wall hadn’t been congenital but, so in the course of breach within the related affronted with the administrator I might bastard over to the western side.[Excerpt from an account at www.Lem.Onet.Pl]
Work at the 1972 account Solaris directed via Andrei Tarkovsky become moreover apparent via dissonance. The biographer were given affronted over the script, in which Tarkovsky broadcast the alluvial prologue via giving Kelvin a performed own family. The Russian administrator wasn’t at all absorbed in the science fiction in Lem’s prose, as a substitute he saw it as acclamation agnate problems to Dostoyevsky’s Crime and Punishment.
At that factor we have been like two horses affairs the aforementioned barrow in damaging directions.[A account accustomed to Savva Yamshchikov, Rublow w plenerach, Ekran (magazine), 1965, no. 40]
According to Lem the 1978 blur Hospital of the Transfiguration directed via Edward Żebrowski became abounding of ‘primary nonsense’
The Germans annihilation the absolute health facility inside the film, but alike for the duration of Apple War II commanders of German devices couldn’t aloof annihilate all people at will. Most reputedly the Germans would’ve useless the patients however not the docs, who had a assertive adventitious of surviving. There’s considerable added of such applesauce in the movie, admitting I, a physician by means of apprenticeship afterwards all, artlessly couldn’t permit to position capricious clinical lies into writing. All these shortcomings seem, however, accent in a blur that’s essential a real adventurous apologue of animal destiny in instances of subjugation. Any subjugation.[Excerpt from an account at www.Lem.Onet.Pl]
Lem turned into absolutely aggravated on my own with Andrzej Wajda’s Layer Cake from 1968. He wrote the calligraphy for it himself – primarily based on a abbreviate journey of his personal advantaged Do You Exist, Mr Jones? – and he observed the authoritative of the film.
As a eyewitness Lem followed aesthetic cinema, abnormally films by way of Luis Buñuel. The creator’s preferred pop pics included several King Kong movies, the James Bond series, and Star Wars as able-bodied because the Star Trek TV series. The latter, but, he criticized for behindhand the basal laws of physics.
He becoming his driver’s licence some months afore the start of the Apple War II, however abominably he didn’t accept the breach to adore it. During the activity he shaped as a automobile mechanic. While Poland turned into underneath the Communist regime, he collection the in a while fashions: AWZ P70, Wartburg a thousand, Fiat 1800, Fiat 125p, Mercedes-Benz W126. The author’s nephew, administrator and bookdealer Michał Zych, adventures about his uncle’s passion:
When there was annihilation to allocution approximately, for instance, with a plumber, because accouterments become acutely out of the catechism and abstract would’ve been too tricky, he had the absolute topic: cars. Stories approximately how they spoil, are constant, discussing the advantages of assertive models. In our ancestors all of it commenced with the acclaimed and now allegorical P-70, afterwards there had been two Wartburgs and skillfully there got here article sincerely unique: a Fiat 1800, an unique, finned Italian vehicle, actual beautiful. That become a huge bound in pleasant.[Małgorzata I. Niemczyńska, Mrożek: Striptiz neurotyka [Mrozek: Neurotic Striptease, editor’s translation] a biography, Warsaw 2013]
To Lem’s ache the Fiat had a addiction to interrupt. Fortunately Sławomir Mrożek became already energetic in Italy and will adjustment the right part, a gasket. Eventually Lem beatific his acquaintance a few money as a suitable armamentarium for delivered extra elements.
Lem became a disciplinarian with a temperament. He favourite to overcome and chase from cartage lighting fixtures, he continually pulled into his barn speedy. He shaped on his automobiles himself, if bare he would ask his neighbour, a mechanic, for help.
The columnist of The Astronauts, who beatific the heroes of his books on interstellar missions so willingly, became customary to be a peaceful himself. Mrożek authorised to argue him to head on a scholarship to America. He beneath at the affectation that his English wasn’t desirable enough. Prof. Jerzy Jarzębski on the introduced duke approved to accelerate him Stockholm.
I begged him on my knees, appetizing him with a Nobel Prize, but, of course, he didn’t cross. It was the aforementioned with America, location you may truely accomplish a profession – a abstract fiction biographer abnormally can’t alive afterwards America. Still, Lem controlled to by no means go there, acknowledgment to which, by using the manner, Philip K. Dick should anatomy accusations that he doesn’t honestly abide and that his books are accounting through penmen assassin by the KGB to accomplish American abstract attending repulsive.[Małgorzata I. Niemczyńska, Mrożek: Striptiz neurotyka [Mrozek: Neurotic Striptease, editor’s translation], a biography, Warsaw 2013]
Curiously enough, Philip K. Dick turned into one of the few technological know-how fiction writers whose books Lem favored, which he bidding in his 1970 album Science Fiction and Futurology. Dick sponsored his cool accusation of Lem to the FBI with the aid of pointing to the Pole’s abundant autograph patterns and the ample present day ambit of his works, imprinted with an unusual, non-Slavic surname which allegedly was a cryptonym for a few abstruse cell. Dick’s behaviour can be defined with the aid of the reality that at the time he turned into interest thru a afraid breakdown.
Lem admired goodies, abnormally halva and chocolate-included marzipan. He didn’t accord them up alike whilst, adjoin the quit of his life, he fell ill with diabetes. In the mid-80s due to bloom troubles he chock-complete smoking. According to his son, Tomasz Lem, afterwards the author’s afterlife his ancestors obvious a big accumulation of tinfoil wrappers abaft his bookshelves, which went all the manner up to the ceiling.
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